Comparative Study on Body Mass Index between Hypothyroidism Patients and Healthy Volunteers

  • A B Baskar Government Medical College, Pudukkottai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • R Venkatesan Government Medical College, Pudukkottai, Tamil Nadu, India
Keywords: Body mass index, Hypothyroidism, Quetelet index, Serum thyroid-stimulating hormone level

Abstract

Background: Hypothyroidism is known to interfere with the metabolism of all the cells in the body, particularly fat metabolism in adipose tissue. This, in turn, leads to obesity. Body mass index (BMI) is widely used to assess obesity and metabolic syndrome. Obesity leads to a higher incidence of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five hypothyroid subjects were enrolled (study group) from the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Govt. Rajaji Hospital attached to the Madurai Medical College, Madurai. Twenty-five normal subjects who were age- and sex-matched with the study group were enrolled to form the control group. Serum levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), total circulating T4, and total circulating T3 were measured by radioimmunoassay to confirm hypothyroidism. Height and weight were measured using a stadiometer and weighing scale, BMI was calculated using Quetelet’s index formula. Results and Conclusion: The results were tabulated and analyzed by applying unpaired t-test and SPSS software version 16.0. BMI values of the study group and control group were compared, but there was no statistical significance. BMI values when compared with serum TSH levels within the same group, the Pearson correlation coefficient also showed no statistical significance.

Author Biographies

A B Baskar, Government Medical College, Pudukkottai, Tamil Nadu, India

Associate Professor, Department of Physiology

R Venkatesan, Government Medical College, Pudukkottai, Tamil Nadu, India

Associate Professor, Department of Physiology

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Published
2021-10-02