Study of Urinary Tract Infection in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
Introduction: Urinary tract infection is one of the most common types of bacterial infection in patients with diabetes mellitus.
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of urinary tract infection among hospitalized diabetic patients.
Materials and Methods: A hospital-based prospective study was carried out from June 2018 to May 2019. A total of 100 patients of diabetes mellitus with urinary tract infection were included in this study.
Results: Of 100 patients, 54 were male and 46 were female, the most common age group was 46–55 years. Most patients had a fever with rigor (48%) followed by dysuria (22%), suprapubic pain (20%), increased frequency of urine (18%), flank pain (10%), pyuria (6%), and hematuria (4%). Urine culture analysis revealed that Escherichia coli (29%) was the most common organism responsible of urinary tract infection. The majority of isolated organisms were sensitive to antimicrobial agents such as amikacin, nitrofurantoin, and levofloxacin.
Conclusion: Urinary tract infection is frequent in diabetic patient and the urine culture should be performed in all hospitalized patients with diabetes mellitus. Early diagnosis, knowledge of common predisposing factors, and appropriate clinical management are important to improve prognosis
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