Effect of Proper Lifestyle Modifications on the Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

  • Kalyan Kumar Saha Senior Resident, Department of General Medicine
  • Manish Shankar Associate Professor, T.B. and Chest, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Amarendu Kumar Senior Resident, Department of General Medicine
  • Kumari Sneha Juniour Resident, Department of Anaesthesia
  • Praveen Kumar Associate Professor, Department of General Medicine
  • Sudhir Kumar Additional Professor, Department of General Medicine
  • Amit Kumar Mishra Associate Professor, Department of General Medicine
  • Rakesh Roshan Senior Resident, Department of General Medicine
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Lifestyle modification, Treatment of diabetes mellitus

Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) comprises a group of metabolic disorders that share the common feature of hyperglycemia. It is closely linked to change in lifestyle such as decreased physical activity, a change in diet to the one of high-fat, high-energy intake, and rapid modernization into a western society. Patients with DM can be managed by lifestyle modifications in the form of diet, physical activity, and psychological assessment with care along with drugs.
In this, we studied the effects of comprehensive lifestyle modifications and their effect on glycemic control, blood pressure, lipid profile, body weight, and 24 h urinary protein for the management of DM.
Material and Methods: This study was performed between November 2015 and May 2016 at Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna. Lifestyle modification included diet instruction, exercise, weight reduction programs, and de-stressing session. Body weight, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), serum triglyceride, serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL), blood pressure, and 24 h urinary proteins were measured at baseline and after 6 months of lifestyle modification program.
Results: The results of lifestyle modification after 6 months of lifestyle modification were favorable with a mean reduction in HbA1C, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and 24 h urinary protein are 0.09, 3.32, 16.88, 00.64, 3.68, 2.04, and −232.04, respectively.
Conclusion: Comprehensive lifestyle management is an important aspect of diabetes management.

Author Biographies

Kalyan Kumar Saha, Senior Resident, Department of General Medicine

Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Manish Shankar, Associate Professor, T.B. and Chest, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences

Sheikhpura, Patna, Bihar, India

Amarendu Kumar, Senior Resident, Department of General Medicine

Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Kumari Sneha, Juniour Resident, Department of Anaesthesia

Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Praveen Kumar, Associate Professor, Department of General Medicine

Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Sudhir Kumar, Additional Professor, Department of General Medicine

 Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Amit Kumar Mishra, Associate Professor, Department of General Medicine

Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Rakesh Roshan, Senior Resident, Department of General Medicine

Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

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Published
2021-10-05