Breastfeeding and Weaning Practices Among Mothers Coming to Primary Health Care Center: An Experience From Rural Bihar

  • Setu Sinha Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine
  • Varsha Singh Epidemiologist cum Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine
  • Sanjay Kumar Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine
  • Sanjay Kumar Choudhary Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine
  • Shivani Sinha Senior Resident, Department of Community Medicine
  • Birendra Kumar Senior Resident, Department of Community Medicine
Keywords: Breastfeeding, Prelacteal feed, Weaning

Abstract

Background: Breastfeeding is an ideal form of infant feeding. Breastfeeding and weaning are not properly practiced by many mothers in all corners of the country. There are a number of factors that influence breastfeeding and weaning practices.
Aim: The aim of this study was to find out the pattern of breastfeeding and weaning practices among mothers in this part of the country.
Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted at Primary Health Care Center, a Rural Health Training Center of Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences. Mothers coming for measles immunization were enrolled in the study. Interviews were conducted with semi-structured questionnaire.
Result: A total of 160 mothers were enrolled in the study. More than half of them (63%) were in the age group of 20–25 years and less than a quarter were illiterate. Almost all mothers (92%) started breastfeeding same day after delivery but only one-third fed colostrums to their newborn. A good number of mothers (73%) started weaning before 6 months.
Conclusion: Emphasis on importance of colostrum and exclusive breastfeeding need to be dispensed at the time of interaction with health-care delivery personnel.

Author Biographies

Setu Sinha, Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine

Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Varsha Singh, Epidemiologist cum Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine

Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Sanjay Kumar, Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine

Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Sanjay Kumar Choudhary, Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine

Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Shivani Sinha, Senior Resident, Department of Community Medicine

Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

Birendra Kumar, Senior Resident, Department of Community Medicine

Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India

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Published
2021-10-05