Study of the Level of Awareness of Chronic Kidney Diseases among Diabetic Patients in Al-Ahsa Governorate, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Cross-Sectional Study)

  • Dawood Salman Albujays Medical Intern, Department of Internal Medicine
  • Hany Said El-barbary Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine
  • Abdulaziz Khalid Althafar Medical Intern, Department of Internal Medicine
  • Abdullah Hisham Almulla Medical Intern, Department of Internal Medicine
  • Marwan Abdulrahman Al-Shaikh Hussain Medical Intern, Department of Internal Medicine
  • Sayed Ibrahim Ali Assistant Professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine
Keywords: Awareness, Chronic kidney disease, Diabetes mellitus, Knowledge, Practice

Abstract

Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the most common complications affected by diabetes mellitus (DM) in the world. It is a life-threatening complication in diabetic patients, and this will cause end-stage renal disease in developed countries. No study has been done before in the eastern region of Saudi Arabia. Making it important to do such kind of studies.
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the level of awareness of CKD among diabetic patients in Al-Ahsa Governorate, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Al-Ahsa Governorate of Saudi Arabia, from March 2017 to December 2017. The researchers have done the questionnaire on 372 individuals of diabetic patients. Data analysis was done using SPSS program version 24.
Results: The minimum age of the participants was 19, and the maximum age was 65. More than half of them are in the age group (40–70). The number of male participants is 107 (28.8) and females 265 (71.2). The mean score of the level of awareness was 7.5 ± 3.2. However, the number of the participants who know that DM can cause CKD are 196 (52.7.9%). 100 (26.9%) were not aware of the association between CKD and uncontrolled diabetes. 76 (20.4%) of the participants did not hear about CKD. However, the majority of Saudi populations were not aware of the association between CKD and uncontrolled diabetes. We summarize our findings that our patients had poor attitude and knowledge of awareness compared to the others, which emphasize the needs for implementation of awareness campaigns, future public health, and educational interventions.
Conclusion: CKD is common and growing problem worldwide but not adequately recognized problem among diabetic population in Al-Ahsa Governorate, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. As there is lack of awareness among Saudi diabetic population about this problem, there is a strong need for health and educational intervention programs to increase the knowledge level and awareness about this disease as well as the necessity of screening and periodic follow-up programs.

Author Biographies

Dawood Salman Albujays, Medical Intern, Department of Internal Medicine

College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Hasa Region, Saudi Arabia

Hany Said El-barbary, Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine

College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Hasa Region, Saudi Arabia

Abdulaziz Khalid Althafar, Medical Intern, Department of Internal Medicine

College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Hasa Region, Saudi Arabia

Abdullah Hisham Almulla, Medical Intern, Department of Internal Medicine

College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Hasa Region, Saudi Arabia

Marwan Abdulrahman Al-Shaikh Hussain, Medical Intern, Department of Internal Medicine

College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Hasa Region, Saudi Arabia

Sayed Ibrahim Ali, Assistant Professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine

College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Hasa Region, Saudi Arabia

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Published
2021-10-05