An Observational Study of Fall Injuries among Infants in Special Reference to the Incidence and Risk Factors

  • Raja Basak Malda Medical College and Hospital, West Bengal, India
Keywords: Fall injuries, Infants, Nursery equipment, Risk factors

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the incidence and risk factors of fall injuries among infants admitted in
our institution.
Design: Review of data from a large injury database.
Setting: The Emergency Department Injury Surveillance System.
Patients: A total of 2672 injured infants. Interventions Children’s guardians were interviewed using a questionnaire. The
results of an independent survey of 777 mothers of non-injured children younger than 2 years attending the same emergency
departments were used to allow quantification of the role of specific nursery equipment in the causation of infant fall injuries.
Main Outcome Measures: Annual rate of injury by falling in infants, overall and by cause.
Results: An annual incidence rate of 44 injuries per 1000 infants. The incidence of falls increases with increasing infant age. A
high percentage of severe injuries was detected, most of them concussions (14.3%) and fractures (9.4%). Approximately 10%
of infants with fall-related injuries required hospitalization. More than 36% of fall injuries involved nursery equipment. Infant
walker use was associated with a higher incidence of falls (about 9/1000 infant-years), and these falls occasionally involved
stairs and caused serious injuries.
Conclusions: Falls are a common cause of serious infant injuries, and nursery equipment is frequently involved in the injurycausing
event.

Author Biography

Raja Basak, Malda Medical College and Hospital, West Bengal, India

Assistant Professor, Department General Surgery

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Published
2021-09-29